Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia

Most people who develop pneumonia initially have a viral infection such as a cold or flu, which produces symptoms such as headache, muscle aches and fever. If pneumonia develops, symptoms commonly include:-

  • High fever
  • Chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Increased breathing rate
  • A worsening cough that may produce discoloured or bloody sputum (phlegm)
  • Sharp chest pains – caused by inflammation of the membrane that lines the lungs.

Viral pneumonia tends to develop slowly over a number of days, whereas bacterial pneumonia usually develops quickly, often over a day. Pneumonia can be fatal in up to 30% of severe cases that are managed in the intensive-care setting.

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Is pneumonia contagious?

Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. It’s usually caused by a bacterial infection. Pneumonia is usually the result of a pneumococcal infection, caused by bacteria called streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumonia is most commonly caused by bacteria and viruses, which are contagiousThe germs that can cause pneumonia are usually breathed in. People often have small amounts of germs in their nose and throat that can be passed on through:-

  1. Coughs and Sneezes
  2. Touching an object and transferring germs on to it.

Is Bronchitis Contagious?

People often wonder, is bronchitis contagious or not. There are two types of Bronchitis, acute and chronic. Acute Bronchitis is usually contagious, whereas, Chronic Bronchitis is usually not contagious. You can reduce your risk for infectious bronchitis by getting an annual flu shot and keeping your hands clean. If you have a cold or the flu, limit your contact with other people, and cover your mouth with your arm when you cough.

What is Bronchitis and Can Bronchitis Kill you?

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs, known as your bronchi, causing them to become irritated or inflamed. The bronchi branch off on either side of your windpipe lead to smaller and smaller airways inside your lungs, known as bronchioles. The walls of the bronchi produce mucus to trap dust and other particles that could otherwise cause irritation. Most cases of bronchitis develop when an infection irritates and inflames the bronchi, causing them to produce more mucus than usual, which the body tries to shift through coughing.

Can Bronchitis Kill you?

Yes, it could be if it progresses , for example, to a severe bacterial or viral infection with compromised lungs leading to respiratory insufficiency. The bronchitis is deadly when it turns to produce the symptoms like shortness of breath. Chronic bronchitis is the major causes of disability and death around the world.

Keto Diet or Ketogenic Diet

What is Keto Diet or Ketogenic Diet

KetoOur bodies are incredibly adaptive to food we eat, when we overload it with fats and take away carbohydrates, it will begin to burn ketones as the primary energy source. Optimal ketone levels offer many health, weight loss, physical and mental performance benefits. The end goal of a properly maintained keto diet is to force your body into the metabolic state. We don’t do this through starvation of calories but starvation of carbohydrates. Ketosis is a natural process the body initiates to help us survive when food intake is low. During this state, we produce ketones, which are produced from the breakdown of fats in the liver. Continue reading “Keto Diet or Ketogenic Diet”

Scientists Discover Explanation for Baldness and Graying Hair

Hair Structure
Hair Structure

Researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center accidentally stumbled upon the explanation for baldness and graying hair in mouse models. While studying a rare genetic disease that causes tumors to grow on nerves, they found that a protein called KROX20 switches on skin cells that become a hair shaft, which then causes cells to produce another protein called stem cell factor. In mice, two proteins turned out to be important for baldness and graying. When researchers deleted the cells that produce KROX20, mice stopped growing hair and eventually went bald; when they deleted the SCF gene, the animals’ hair turned white. Continue reading “Scientists Discover Explanation for Baldness and Graying Hair”

Awesome Joke

One day an ✈aeroplane cleaner was cleaning the pilots’ cockpit when he saw a 📕book entitled “How to fly an aeroplane✈ for beginners. Volume One”.
😊

He opened the first page which said, “To start the engine, press the 🔴red button.”.  He did so and the airplane engine started.
🎺

He was happy and opened the next page. “To set airplane moving press the blue🔵 button.”

He did so and the ✈aeroplane started moving at an amazing speed.
🎷

He wanted to fly so he opened the third page which read, “To let the aeroplane fly, please press the ♻green button.”

He did this and the plane started to ✈✈✈fly.
He was excited!!!🌻

After 20 minutes of flying, he was satisfied and wanted to land so he decided to go to the fourth page.
🍁

He fainted 😱after reading the instruction.. 🎯

The fourth page read, “To learn how to land, please purchase Volume Two at the nearest bookshop!!!!😜😆

Full Body Transplant or Head Transplant

    A human head transplant will be a new frontier in science. Some people say it is the last frontier in medicine. It is a very sensitive and very controversial subject but if we can translate it to clinical practice, we can save a lot of lives.’

   In 1970, Robert White led a team at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, US, that tried to transplant the head of one monkey on to the body of another. The surgeons stopped short of a full spinal cord transfer, so the monkey could not move its body. last year researchers at Harbin Medical University in China made some headway with mice. They hope to perfect a procedure they claim “will become a milestone of medical history and potentially could save millions of people”. Continue reading “Full Body Transplant or Head Transplant”

Astrovirus Infections

Clinical Manifestations of Astrovirus Infections

Astrovirus Infections is a major cause of acute diarrhea among children. Human astrovirus (HAstV), along with rotavirus and calicivirus, is recognized as a common cause of infantile acute gastroenteritis. Illness is characterized by diarrhea of short duration accompanied by vomiting, fever and, occasionally, abdominal pain and mild dehydration.

Duration of Astrovirus Infections

Infection in an immunocompetent host is self-limited, lasting a median of 5 to 6 days. Asymptomatic infections are common.

Etiology of Astrovirus Infections

Astroviruses are nonenveloped, singlestranded RNA viruses with a characteristic starlike appearance when visualized by electron microscopy. Eight human antigenic types originally were described, and several novel species have been identified.

Epidemiology of Astrovirus Infections

Astroviruses have been detected in as many as 10% to 34% of sporadic cases of non bacterial gastroenteritis among young children but uncommonly cause severe childhood gastroenteritis requiring hospitalization. Astrovirus infections occur predominantly in children younger than 4 years; these infections peak during the late winter and spring.

Transmission of Astrovirus Infections Continue reading “Astrovirus Infections”

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