Smoking Cigarettes is an addiction, Tobacco contains nicotine, a drug that is addictive. The nicotine, therefore, makes it very difficult (although not impossible) to quit.
Dangers of Smoking
Cigarette Smoking greatly increases the risk of getting lung cancer, heart attack, chronic lung disease, stroke, and many other cancers. Moreover, smoking is perhaps the most preventable cause of breathing (respiratory) diseases. Smoking harms not just the smoker, but also family members, coworkers, and others who breathe the smoker’s cigarette smoke, called secondhand smoke or passive smoke. Cigarette Smoking is also harmful to the unborn fetus. If a pregnant woman Smoke Cigarettes, her fetus is at an increased risk of miscarriage, early delivery (prematurity), stillbirth, infant death, and low birth weight.
Smoking Effects – How Smoking causes Health Problems
Cigarettes contain more than 4000 chemical compounds and when you inhale, a cigarette burns at 700°C at the tip and around 60°C in the core. This heat breaks down the tobacco to produce various toxins. As a cigarette burns, the residues are concentrated towards the butt. The products that are most damaging are:-
- Tar, a carcinogen (substance that causes cancer)
- Nicotine is addictive and increases cholesterol levels in your body
- Carbon Monoxide reduces oxygen in the body
- Components of the gas and particulate phases cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).
The damage caused by Cigarette Smoking is influenced by:
- The number of cigarettes smoked
- Whether the cigarette has a filter
- How the tobacco has been prepared.
Due to Effects of Smoking, one may contract following diseases:-
- Cardiovascular Disease. Cardiovascular Disease is the main cause of death due to Smoking Cigarettes. Hardening of the arteries is a process that develops over years, when cholesterol and other fats deposit in the arteries, leaving them narrow, blocked or rigid. When the arteries narrow (atherosclerosis), blood clots are likely to form. Smoking accelerates the hardening and narrowing process in your arteries: it starts earlier and blood clots are two to four times more likely.
- Cancer. Smokers are more likely to get cancer than non-smokers. This is particularly true of lung cancer, throat cancer and mouth cancer, which hardly ever affect non-smokers. The link between smoking and lung cancer is clear.
- Ninety percent of lung cancer cases are due to smoking Cigarettes.
- If no-one smoked, lung cancer would be a rare diagnosis – only 0.5 per cent of people who’ve never touched a cigarette develop lung cancer.
- One in ten moderate smokers and almost one in five heavy smokers (more than 15 cigarettes a day) will die of lung cancer. Other types of cancer that are more common in smokers are:
- Bladder cancer
- Cancer of the o esophagus
- Cancer of the kidneys
- Cancer of the pancreas
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a collective term for a group of conditions that block airflow and make breathing more difficult, such as:
- Emphysema – breathlessness caused by damage to the air sacs (alveoli)
- Chronic Bronchitis – coughing with a lot of mucus that continues for at least three months.
Smoking Cigarettes is the most common cause of COPD and is responsible for 80 per cent of cases.
- Other Health Problems.
- Cigarette Smoking raises blood pressure, which can cause hypertension (high blood pressure) – a risk factor for heart attacks and stroke.
- Couples who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than couples who are non-smokers.
- Smoking Cigarettes worsens asthma and counteracts asthma medication by worsening the inflammation of the airways that the medicine tries to ease.
- The blood vessels in the eye are sensitive and can be easily damaged by smoke, causing a bloodshot appearance and itchiness.
- Heavy smokers are twice as likely to get macular degeneration, resulting in the gradual loss of eyesight.
- Smokers run an increased risk of cataracts.
- Smokers take 25 per cent more sick days year than non-smokers.
- Cigarette Smoking stains your teeth and gums.
- Smoking Cigarettes increases your risk of periodontal disease, which causes swollen gums, bad breath and teeth to fall out.
- Smoking Cigarettes causes an acid taste in the mouth and contributes to the development of ulcers.
- Cigarette Smoking also affects your looks: smokers have paler skin and more wrinkles. This is because smoking reduces the blood supply to the skin and lowers levels of vitamin A.
Quit Smoking Benefits
You will notice many benefits when you Quit Smoking right away, therefore you must Stop Smoking at first priority. Benefits to Quit Smoking or Stop Smoking are as follows:
- Your breath, clothes, and hair will smell better
- Your sense of smell will return and food will taste better
- Your fingers and fingernails will slowly appear less yellow
- Your stained teeth will slowly become whiter
- Your children will be less likely to start smoking themselves
- You will have more money available
- Smoking and lung cancer (itv.com)
- Women who quit smoking before 40 may avoid earlier death (cbsnews.com)
- Electronic Cigarettes or e Cigarettes (healthinessbox.com)