Irritated eyes usually become red; they burn, itch or become sensitive to the light. Very often, the eyes may either become excessively dry or watery, blurred vision may occur or one may have difficulty reading.
Causes of Eye Irritation
Seasonal allergies, dust particles, dry or smoky environments, indoor heating or eye make-up can cause irritated and sore eyes. Other factors that may also contribute to irritated eyes include unhygienic habits related to wearing contact lenses, poor eye protection in hazardous work environments, smoking, driving at night and excessive reading or computer use.
Common eye disorders that develop when the eyes become irritated are conjunctivitis, dry eye syndrome, blepharitis, or a scratched cornea. Your ophthalmologist will examine the eye area thoroughly and prescribe the appropriate treatment option for you.
Treatment/Medication of Eye Irritation
Medications may include artificial tears, saline rinses, antihistamines and antibiotic eye drops or ointments; however one should keep in mind that strong eye-drops may cause other troublesome side effects and may become habit forming.
Several actions can be taken to prevent eye irritation:-
- Maintain normal blinking by avoiding room temperatures that are too high;
- avoiding relative humidities that are too high or too low, because they reduce blink frequency or may increase water evaporation.
- Trying to maintain an intact tear film by the following actions.
1) Blinking and short breaks may be beneficial for VDU users. Increase these two actions might help maintain the tear film.
2) Downward gazing is recommended to reduce the ocular surface area and water evaporation.
3) The distance between the VDU and keyboard should be kept as short as possible to minimize evaporation from the ocular surface area by a low direction of the gaze.
4) Blink training can be beneficial.
In addition, other measures are proper lid hygiene, avoidance of eye rubbing and proper use of personal products and medication. Eye make-up should be used with care.
- Eye irritation
- Eye redness
- Eye itching
- Eye tearing
- Causes of Eye Irritation
- Treatment/Medication of Eye Irritation
- Preventive Measures
- Computer Eye Strain Explained (and How to Avoid It) (greatist.com)
- Dry Eye Common After Eyelid Lifts (nlm.nih.gov)