Weight Loss Surgery or Bariatric Surgery – Health and Fitness

Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery) is a serious surgical procedure that decreases the size of the stomach, reduces food intake and can enable you to lose a significant amount of weight. It is a permanent procedure that requires a lifetime commitment to maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Weight loss surgery not only helps you to lose weight, but can help improve your overall health, well-being and self-esteem.

Types of Weight Loss Surgery

  1.  The Gastric Bypass.
    Gastric Bypass Surgery

    This procedure is a type of Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery designed to reduce your food intake if you have tried and failed to lose weight through diet and exercise. Gastric bypass can greatly improve the quality of life not only because of an improvement in appearance and an increase in mobility, but also because it can reduce the number and severity of health problems that overweight people are prone to suffer, such as diabetes and heart/circulation problems. It is a complex procedure performed under general anesthesia. Time in surgery is approximately one to four hours, followed by a one- to seven-day stay in the hospital. Currently, two techniques are available for Gastric Bypass:Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass (traditional and laparoscopic)Biliopancreatic Diversion Bypass

  2. Lap-Band System.
    Lap Band Surgery

    The “Lap-Band System” is the brand name of the FDA-approved, adjustable gastric band used in the Lap-Band procedure. A Lap-Band is a silicone belt or collar that goes around the upper part of the stomach. After this restrictive, reversible surgery, your stomach will be roughly the size of a golf ball, and only able to hold an ounce of food. As a result, your appetite will decrease, and you will eat less, feel full sooner and gradually lose weight. The Lap-Band System is adjustable. It is connected to a port that sits underneath the skin. This port can be inflated with saline to tighten it and expedite weight loss. Saline can also be removed to loosen the band and alleviate side effects, if necessary. It is an option when dieting and exercising have failed and your obesity and/or its complications are affecting your health and quality of life. You may be a candidate for Lap-Band Surgery if you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 40. This is the equivalent of being about 100 pounds overweight for men and 80 pounds overweight for women. Lap-Band surgery takes about one hour to perform. It is typically done while you are under general anesthesia.

  3. Gastric Sleeve Surgery.
    Gastric Sleeve Surgery

    During this procedure a Bariatric Surgeon removes about 85 percent of the stomach so that it takes the shape of a tube or sleeve. This operation is performed laparoscopically, meaning that the surgeon makes small incisions as opposed to one large incision. He or she inserts a viewing tube with a small camera (laparoscope) and other tiny instruments into these small incisions to remove part of the stomach. The tube-shaped stomach that is left is sealed closed with staples. In some cases, Gastric Sleeve Surgery may be followed by a Gastric Bypass Surgery or Duodenal Switch Surgery after a person has lost a significant amount of weight. Called a “staged” approach to Weight Loss Surgery, this makes the second procedure less risky than it would have been had it been the first and only procedure. The timing of the second surgery varies according to the degree of Weight Loss. It usually occurs within six to 18 months after the initial surgery. A Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 40. This is the equivalent of being about 100 pounds overweight for men and 80 pounds overweight for women. People with BMIs between 35 and 39 may also be candidates for weight loss surgery if they have obesity-related illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure or high cholesterol. A non-reversible procedure, Gastric Sleeve Surgery is performed under General Anesthesia and takes about one to two hours. Afterward you will probably stay in the hospital for one or two days; recovery from gastric sleeve surgery may last a few weeks.

Topics Covered

  1. Weight Loss Surgery
  2. Bariatric Surgery
  3. Types of Weight Loss Surgery
  4. The Gastric Bypass
  5. Lap-Band System
  6. Gastric Sleeve Surgery


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