Assessment of weight Related health Risks
Assessment of weight and health risk involves using three key measures:
- Body mass index (BMI)
- Waist circumference
- Risk factors for diseases and conditions associated with obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
BMI is a useful measure of overweight and obesity. It is calculated from your height and weight. BMI is an estimate of body fat and a good gauge of your risk for diseases that can occur with more body fat. The higher you’re BMI, the higher your risk for certain diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, gallstones, breathing problems, and certain cancers.
Although BMI can be used for most men and women, it does have some limits:
- It may overestimate body fat in athletes and others who have a muscular build.
- It may underestimate body fat in older persons and others who have lost muscle.
Measuring Waist Circumference helps screen for possible health risks that come with overweight and obesity. If most of your fat is around your waist rather than at your hips, you’re at a higher risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. This risk goes up with a waist size that is greater than 35 inches for women or greater than 40 inches for men. To correctly measure your waist, stand and place a tape measure around your middle, just above your hipbones. Measure your waist just after you breathe out.
How to Calculate BMI
Here is a Method for Calculating BMI. (Example:- Person 5 feet 7 inches tall, Weighing 184 lbs.)
1. Multiply weight (in pounds) by 703 184 x 703 = 129,352
2. Divide the answer in step 1 by height (in inches) 129,352 /67 = 1,930
3. Divide the answer in step 2 by height (in inches) to get your BMI 1,930/67 = 28.8
BMI = 28.8
Extreme Obesity >40.0–
Risk Factors of Overweight/Obese