Aspirin or Acetylsalicylic Acid is a derivative of salicylic acid that is a mild, no narcotic analgesic useful in the relief of headache and muscle and joint aches. The drug works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, body chemicals that are necessary for blood clotting and which also sensitize nerve endings to pain. Aspirin is used to treat mild to moderate pain, and also to reduce fever or inflammation. It is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and angina.

Prescription Aspirin is used to

  • Relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints),
  • Osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by breakdown of the lining of the joints),
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (condition in which the immune system attacks the joints and organs and causes pain and swelling) and
  • Certain other rheumatologic conditions (conditions in which the immune system attacks parts of the body).

Nonprescription Aspirin is used to

  • Reduce fever
  • To relieve mild to moderate pain from headaches
  • Menstrual periods
  • Arthritis
  • Colds
  • Toothaches

    Aspirin (Photo credit: and parsecs to go)
  • Muscle aches
  • To prevent heart attacks in people who have had a heart attack in the past or who have angina (chest pain that occurs when the heart does not get enough oxygen).
  • To reduce the risk of death in people who are experiencing or who have recently experienced a heart attack.
  • To prevent ischemic strokes (strokes that occur when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood to the brain) or mini-strokes (strokes that occur when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked for a short time) in people who have had this type of stroke or mini-stroke in the past.

Aspirin is also available in combination with other medications such as antacids, pain relievers, and cough and cold medications.

Side Effects of Aspirin.

Some side effects of Aspirin are serious, you must consult your doctor if you feel any of it :-

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • heartburn
  • hives
  • rash
  • swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, or throat
  • wheezing or difficulty breathing
  • hoarseness
  • fast heartbeat
  • fast breathing
  • cold, clammy skin
  • ringing in the ears
  • loss of hearing
  • bloody vomit
  • vomit that looks like coffee grounds
  • bright red blood in stools
  • black or tarry stools

Aspirin may cause other side effects

Storage of Aspirin

Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom) in an airtight container. Store Aspirin suppositories in a cool place or in a refrigerator. Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed and any tablets that have a strong vinegar smell.

Over Dosage of Aspirin

Symptoms of overdose may include:

  • Burning pain in the throat or stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Decreased urination
  • Fever
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Talking a lot and saying things that do not make sense
  • Fear or nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
  • Confusion
  • Abnormally excited mood
  • Hallucination (seeing things or hearing voices that are not there)
  • Seizures
  • drowsiness
  • loss of consciousness for a period of time


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