What is Scabies.
Scabies is an extremely itchy skin disorder that is caused by microscopic mite called Sarcoptes Scabei . People get scabies when the mite burrows into the top layer of skin to live and feed. When the skin reacts to the mite, an extremely itchy rash develops. Scabies found worldwide is a transmittable skin infection that multiplies quickly in crowded conditions . Personal cleanliness and sanitation is a vital protective measure and access to sufficient water supply is essential to control the spread of disease.
The microscopic mite called Sarcoptes Scabei causes scabies plague. The fertilized feminine mite burrows into the skin, dumping eggs in the tunnel at the back of her. After the eggs hatch, larvae migrate to the skin surface and eventually change into the adult form. A fully developed mite can live up to about a month on a person. Once away from the person body, mite only survives 48-72 hours. The characteristic itchy rash of scabies is an allergic response to the mite. Individuals infested with scabies for the first time typically experience symptoms after 4 to 6 weeks. With subsequent infestation, symptoms appear within days.
Scabies multiply chiefly by direct skin-to-skin contact and to a less significant amount through getting in touch with infested items of clothing and bedclothes. Atmospheres that are mostly susceptible to the spread of scabies embrace hospitals, childcare facilities and any crowded living conditions. Plague easily passes between sexual partners.
The most important indication of the disease is a pimple-like rash most frequently found on the hands, particularly the webbing between the fingers, the skin folds of the wrist, elbow or knee, the penis, the breast or the shoulder. Infestation often causes intense itching all over the body, especially at night. Scratching of the itchy regions may results in sores that may result in contamination of these sores by bacteria. A more harsh type of scabies called Norwegian scabies; it is more common among people with weakened immune systems. In this type of the disease, vesicles are there along with deep crusts over the skin. The itching in this type of scabies may be less harsh or missing.
- Scabicides. Products used to treat scabies are called Scabicides because they kill scabies mites; some also kill mite eggs. Scabicides used to treat human scabies are available only with a doctor’s prescription. No “over-the-counter” (non-prescription) products have been tested and approved to treat scabies. All areas of the body from the neck down to the feet and toes is treated with Scabicide Lotion or Cream.
- Ivermectin. An oral dose of Ivermectin is tremendously effective in curing Scabies.
- Acaricide Ointments. Care of patients taken with Acaricide Ointments preceded by a hot bath with liberal use of soap. Sterilize the infested clothing or wash it in hot soapy water. Bedding, mattresses, sheets and clothes may require dusting with Acaricides Powder.
- Hygiene remains a central component in the prevention and control of scabies and depends on access to adequate water supply. Since the symptoms of scabies are due to a Hypersensitivity Reaction (Allergy) to mites and their feces (scybala), itching still may continue for several weeks after treatment even if all the mites and eggs are killed. If itching still is present more than 2 to 4 weeks after treatment or if new burrows or pimple-like rash lesions continue to appear, re-treatment may be necessary.
- Skin sores that become infected should be treated with an appropriate antibiotic prescribed by a doctor.
- Scabicide Lotion. Benzyl benzoate(25%) is a synthetic compound that is produced from benzoic acid and benzyl alcohol. It is toxic and the lotion should be applied to all skin surfaces, from the scalp to the soles of the feet. Care should be taken to avoid contact with the eyes. It is not necessary to bathe before application. To prevent reinfestation, clothing and bedding should be washed or left outside exposed to the air for 72 hours. The lotion is usually applied once daily at night on 2 consecutive days. This may be followed by a single application at night 3 days later. All members of the household should be treated simultaneously.