Bad Breath called Halitosis – Dental Care

Bad Breath

Smelling Mouth

Bad breath called Halitosis is a common problem for a large number of population. Halitosis or Bad Breath occurs when noticeably unpleasant odors are exhaled in breathing. Halitosis or Bad Breath is projected to be the third most common reason for seeking dental aid following tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Causes of Bad Breath

  • Strong Smelling Foods. Foods like garlic, onions, meat, fish or cheese having a strong smell can be the source of bad breath. If you do not brush and floss your teeth and tongue daily, particles of food can stay behind in the mouth, collecting bacteria, which can cause bad breath. Dieters may develop unpleasant breath from infrequent eating.
  • Periodontal Disease or Gum Disease. Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth can also be one of the warning signs of Gum Disease that is caused by plaque.
  • Dry Mouth. This happens when the production and flow of saliva decreases. Without sufficient saliva, food particles are not washed away. If you have a medical condition of dry mouth, dentist may recommend artificial saliva, or suggest using sugarless candy or increase your fluid intake.
  • Use of Tobacco and Smoking. Tobacco consumers are more likely to suffer from gum disease and are at greater risk for developing oral cancer. Strong smell of Tobacco and chemicals may cause bad breath
  • Medical Conditions. A number of diseases have symptoms related to bad breath. Sinus or lung infections, bronchitis, diabetes, and some liver or kidney diseases may be linked with bad breath.

Treatment of Bad Breath

chewing gums Español: chiclé فارسی: آدامس Fran...
chewing gums Español: chiclé فارسی: آدامس Français : gomme à mâcher (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

physicians and dentists may not be fully understand the cause of Bad Breadth, therefore following strategies are suggested:-

  • Cleaning the tongue surface.  The most effective way to keep bad breath in control is clean the tongue twice daily; that can be achieved using a toothbrush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.
  • Eating a healthy breakfast.  Rough foods helps to clean the very back of the tongue.
  • Chewing Gum: Chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals. Some chewing gums contain special anti-odor ingredients. Chewing on fennel seeds, cinnamon sticks, mastic gum, or fresh parsley are common folk remedies.
  • Gargling.  Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash can reduce bad breath. Mouthwashes may contain active ingredients that are inactivated by the soap present in most toothpastes. Thus, it is recommended to refrain from using mouthwash directly after tooth brushing with paste.
  • Maintaining proper oral hygiene. Daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists can be helpful in controlling bad breath. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque
  • Probiotic treatments, it is claimed specifically that Streptococcus salivarius K12 suppresses malodorous bacteria growth. Certainly, there is more evidence for mechanical tongue cleansing and to a lesser extent specific antimicrobial mouthwashes to control Bad Breath.
  • Dental Disease. Gum disease can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, leaving deep pockets that accumulate odor-causing bacteria. Sometimes these bacteria can be removed only by professional cleaning. Your dentist might also recommend replacing faulty tooth restorations, which can be a breeding ground for bacteria.

Other solutions rely on odor eliminators, such as oxidizers, to eliminate existing bad breath on a short-term basis.


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