Removal of one or more teeth from your mouth from its socket in the bone by a dentist is called Tooth Extraction. The entire procedure may take one sitting or it can be completed over a number of visits. The removed tooth may or may not need replacement, depending on the problem, which necessitated the need for extraction.
Reasons for Tooth Extraction or Removal
- Impacted Teeth are removed to eradicate problems being created by it. Teeth become impacted when they are prevented from growing into their normal position in the mouth by gum tissue, bone, or other teeth. Impaction is a common reason for the extraction of wisdom teeth.
- Teeth may also be extracted to make more room in the mouth prior to straightening the remaining teeth (orthodontic treatment), or because they are so badly positioned that straightening is impossible.
- Badly decayed teeth or broken teeth that cannot be restored are also extracted, when no other solution is feasible.
- When you have extensive gum disease, it leads to the tooth loosening. The gums around the tooth that have deteriorated, so that even if the tooth is repaired, the gums or bone around the tooth are not of the required quality to maintain a healthy tooth.
- Few patients opt for extraction as a less expensive alternative to teeth filling or placing a crown on a severely decayed tooth.
Tooth Extraction or Removal Procedure
- Dentist shall carry out a meticulous oral examination and discuss dental and medical history.
- Local anesthetic will give local anesthesia, so while being conscious; the affected area will be numbed to reduce discomfort during the procedure.
- Dentist will use a tool called an elevator or forceps to widen the socket and loosen the tooth.
- Dentist carefully holds the root of the tooth before moving it softly from side to side until it is ready to be completely removed.
- The dentist will pull the tooth out. It is normal to feel some pressure in your mouth during the procedure, but the local anesthetic should keep any discomfort to a minimum.
- There is likely to be some bleeding and your dentist may use stitches to fasten the affected area.
- Dentist may instruct to bite down on some padding so that the bleeding from your socket end.
- In some cases, dentist may have to cut through your gum to reach the tooth’s root or drill through the bone to arrive at the root.
- Complete root is necessary to be removed, as any remaining tissue could lead to an infection or an abscess.
Tooth Extraction or Removal Procedure Aftercare
- Keeps you at your dental clinic until the bleeding settle down, it usually takes about ten minutes.
- For a couple of days after extraction, some swelling and discomfort is normal in the affected area and stiffness in the jaw.
- OTC painkillers like paracetamol should be adequate to manage any pain, avoid aspirin as this can interfere with the healing process.
- Stay away from hot food and drink while within the effect of anesthesia.
- For a few days, avoid chewing on the side of your mouth where you have had the tooth removed
- Avoid alcohol or smoking for at least 24 hours.
- Avoid rinsing your mouth for a day this could restart bleeding.
- Rinse your mouth few times a day with salt water to assist in the curing process.
Potential complications of the surgery include; swelling, extended bleeding, severe pain and a fever.