Overview of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Estimated 92 million Chlamydia Infections occur each year, affecting more women than men. Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium identified as chlamydia trachomatis. These bacteria can infect the cervix in women and the urethra and rectum in both men and women. Sporadically Chlamydia can also affect other components of the body, including the throat and eyes.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
Chlamydia frequently has no symptoms, in particular amongst women, a considerable percentage of men also have no symptoms. Chlamydia symptoms typically become visible between 1 and 3 weeks after contact but may not emerge until much later. Symptoms in men and women can be as follows:-
- A white/cloudy and watery discharge from the penis that may stain underwear
- A burning sensation and/or pain when passing urine;
- Pain and swelling in the testicles.
- An increase in vaginal discharge caused by an inflamed cervix
- The need to urinate more frequently or pain whilst passing urine
- Pain during sexual intercourse or bleeding after sex
Causes of Chlamydia
Infection is spread in following manner:-
- Infection is transferred from one person to another through sexual contact
- Infection is transferred from infected mothers during childbirth.
- Although it is rare, the infection is transferred on fingers from the genitals to the eyes.
Diagnosis and Tests for Chlamydia
- Physical Examination by a doctor
- Test. There are laboratory tests to diagnose Chlamydia. Some can be performed on urine; other tests require that a specimen be collected from a site such as the penis or cervix. The results of the tests usually take around seven to ten days to come through. Rapid urine test for men has also been developed, which provides the results within the hour and eliminates the need for laboratory testing.
- Chlamydia Testing Kits. Local pharmacies may offer Chlamydia Testing Kits that allow a person to take a sample him or herself for examination by the Laboratory.
- If you have one Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), you should get yourself tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
Treatment of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is usually treated with antibiotics, including tetracyclines, azithromycin, or erythromycin. An early antibiotic treatment is tremendously successful and can avert the development of long-term problems. Untreated infection may lead to problems.
- Protecting yourself from the silent STD, Chlamydia (mirror.co.uk)