Lyme Disease is an illness caused by the bacterium, Borreliaburgdorferi. Bacterial infection can be passed by the bite of an infected tick. Tick bites often go unnoticed and the tick can remain feeding for several days before dropping off. The longer the tick is in place, the higher the risk of it passing on the infection. Lyme Disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the temperate zone and occurs in Europe, Asia and North America.
Causes of Lyme Disease
Ticks are infected and become Lyme Disease Ticks when they feed on mice, squirrels, birds and other small animals that can carry the bacterium. Lyme Disease Ticks then spread the bacterium to humans. Lyme Disease Ticks bites are usually painless and most people do not know that they have been bitten until Lyme Disease Rash shows up.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
The Symptoms of Lyme Disease usually happen in three stages, although not all patients have all Lyme Symptoms.
- 1 In first stage, a circular rash called Erythema Migrans apears. Rash occurs in about 70-80 per cent of infected people.The first symptom is usually a rash, which may look like a bull’s eye. As the infection spreads, you may have
- A fever
- A headache
- Muscle and joint aches
- A stiff neck
- 2 Second stageof the disease, known as disseminated Lyme disease, can last up to several months and include:
- Central and peripheral nervous system disorders;
- Multiple Lyme Disease Rash start occurring on skin
- Arthritis and arthritic symptoms;
- Heart palpitations
- Extreme fatigue and general weakness.
- 3 Third stage can last months to years with symptoms that can include recurring arthritis and neurological problems.
Diagnosis of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease can be tough to diagnose because one may not have observed a tick bite. Many of symptoms are similar to those of the flu and other diseases. Lab tests may help at this stage, but may not always give a clear answer. In the later stages of the disease, a special lab test can confirm whether you have it or not.
Treatment of Lyme Disease
The majority of cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with a few weeks of antibiotics. The majority of people will require a 2 – 4 week course of antibiotics depending on the stage of the condition. It is vital that you finish the course even if you are feeling well again because this will make certain that all the bacteria are wiped out.
Preventive Measures for Lyme Disease
- Wear long pants and long sleeved shirts
- Wear closed shoes
- In order to see the Lyme Disease Ticks, wear light-colored clothing
- Apply insect repellents containing diethyltoluamide(DEET)
- Take away the attached Lyme Disease Ticks by means of tweezers. Take hold of the tick’s head and mouthparts as close to the skin as possible and pull slowly until the Lyme Disease Ticks is removed.
- Wash the bite site with soap and water or disinfect it with antiseptic.
- Contact a doctor right away if you grow symptoms of Lyme Disease
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- Recurring Lyme Disease Rash Caused By Reinfection, Not Relapse (wnyc.org)