Overview of Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Disease
Coeliac disease also known as Gluten Intolerance, Celiac Disease (CD) and Celiac Sprue is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically prone people of all ages from middle infancy onward. When people with Celiac Disease (CD) eat foods that contain gluten, it produces an immune-mediated toxic reaction that causes harm to the small intestine and does not permit food to be properly absorbed. Even small amounts of gluten in foods can affect those with CD and cause health problems. The disease mostly affects people of European descent, but latest studies show that it also have an effect on Hispanic, Black and Asian populations too. Those affected suffer damage to their intestines when they eat specific food-grain antigens (toxic amino acid sequences) that are found in wheat, rye, and barley. If a person with the Celiac Disease (CD) continues to eat gluten, he or she will increase chances of Gastrointestinal Cancer
What is Gluten
Gluten is the common name for the proteins in specific grains that are harmful to persons with Celiac Disease (CD) . These proteins are found in all forms of Wheat including durum, semolina, spelt, kamut, einkorn and faro and related grains rye, barley and triticale.
Causes of Celiac Disease (CD)
The cause of Celiac Disease (CD) is still an unknown. There is evidence that this reaction is partially genetic and partially inherited. Certain genes have been found to be more common in individuals with Celiac Disease (CD) than in those without Celiac Disease (CD) .
Celiac Disease Symptoms
For the reason that Celiac Disease (CD) presents a broad range of symptoms, it can be hard to diagnose. The Celiac Symptoms can range from
- Mild weakness
- Bone pain
- Aphthous stomatitis
- Chronic diarrhea
- Abdominal bloating
- Progressive weight loss
Although some or all of these symptoms occur in Celiac Disease (CD) , some can also occur in many other diseases more common than Celiac Disease (CD) .
Diagnosis of Celiac Disease (CD) or Celiac Disease Tests
- Screening. Previously General Practitioner had to rely on clinical signs, since these signs were vague or of varying severity, diagnosis was difficult, now simple blood screening tests are available.
- Biopsy. A definitive diagnosis can only be made by a small bowel biopsy; a specialist in the gastrointestinal field performs this biopsy. The biopsy must be done before treatment is started.
Treatment of Celiac Disease (CD)
Celiac Disease (CD) yet has no recognized treatment, but it can be controlled effectively. The only medically acceptable treatment for Celiac Disease (CD) is a 100% Gluten Free Diet for life. There is a great variation in sensitivity to gluten among those with celiac disease, even if one may have no obvious symptoms, damage to the intestinal lining may still occur.
- New Insight Into Celiac Disease (medicalnewstoday.com)