The scientific name for yeast is Candida. It crops up when there is overgrowth of the yeast called Candida. A fungus lives almost everywhere, including in your body. Usually, your immune system keeps yeast under control. Yeast Infections are not STD‘s.
Types of Yeast Infections
If you are sick or taking antibiotics, it can multiply and cause an infection.
- Thrush. It is a yeast infection that causes white patches in your mouth
- Esophagitis. It is thrush that spreads to your esophagus. Esophagitis can make it difficult or hurting to swallow.
- Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC). Women can get vaginal yeast infections, causing itchiness, pain and discharge. Genital / Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is also sometimes called a “yeast infection
- Genital Yeast Infection. Sometimes in men, it occurs in pubic area.
- Skin Yeast Infections. It causes itching and rashes on effected part
- Bloodstream Yeast Infections. Yeast infections in your bloodstream can be life-threatening
Symptoms of Yeast Infection
Women frequently experience burning, itching, soreness, discharge, and pain during sex and urination and sometimes a “cottage cheese-like” vaginal discharge. Men with genital candidiasis may experience an itchy rash on the penis.
Risk Factors for Yeast infection
Yeast Infection usually occurs more relentlessly in people with weakened immune systems. In lifetime, 75 percent of all women are likely to have at least one yeast infection, and up to 45 percent have two or more. Other conditions that may put at risk for yeast infection includes:
- Use of Antibiotics
- Use of corticosteroid medications·
- Previous history of yeast infections
- Birth control pills
Prevention of Yeast Infection
Wearing cotton undergarments may help to trim down the risk of developing a yeast infection. Evidence suggests that oral or intravaginal probiotics may help to prevent frequent infections.
Sources of Yeast Infection
Candida yeasts mostly live in the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and vagina without causing symptoms. However, when an imbalance occurs, such as when the normal acidity of the vagina changes or when hormonal balance changes, Candida can multiply and build up. In rare cases, Candida infections can pass from person to person through intimate contact.
Diagnosis and Testing of Yeast Infection
Doctor may ask questions about medical history. Most physicians can diagnose a yeast infection without laboratory tests. The diagnosis is made by taking a sample of the vaginal secretions and examines the sample under a microscope to see if an abnormal number of Candida organisms are present. A fungal culture may not always be useful because Candida species are normal inhabitants of the body.
Treatment of Yeast Infection
Anti fungal medicines eliminate yeast infections in most people. Medications cure 80 to 90 percent of vaginal yeast infections within two weeks or less, often within a few days. If you have a weak immune system, treatment might be more difficult. Anti-fungal vaginal suppositories or creams are commonly used. The duration of the treatment course of creams and suppositories can range from one day to seven days of therapy. We can treat mild or moderate infections with a single dose of oral anti-fungal medication.