Triglycerides – linked to Coronary Artery Disease

What are Triglycerides

Triglyceride is an ester made up of a glycerol bound to three fatty acids. The glycerol molecule has three hydroxyl (OH-) groups. It is the main ingredient of vegetable oil and animal fats. Triglycerides are a normal component of your bloodstream. The fat in the food you eat is mostly in the form of Triglycerides.

Function of Triglycerides

Clogged Coronary Artery
Clogged Coronary Artery

Triglycerides may be taken up by cells and tissues and used for energy, otherwise these may get stored as fat. After you eat, your body digests the fats in your food and repackages the fat as triglycerides, which are released into your bloodstream. The blood carries the triglycerides throughout your body to give you energy or to be stored as fat. Your liver also produces triglycerides and changes some into cholesterol.

Effects of High Triglyceride Level

Excess triglyceride in plasma is called hypertriglyceridemia. It’s linked to the happening of Coronary Artery Disease in some people. High triglycerides may be an outcome of other disease, such as untreated Diabetes Mellitus.

Diagnosis of High Triglyceride Level

Cholesterol and triglycerides are diagnosed through Lipid Profile Test. You are not allowed to eat for about 12 to 14 hours, and than your blood sample are taken. Triglycerides from your food are completely eliminated in this time. This allows measuring the amount of triglycerides being made by your body and not the triglycerides produced by eating.

Risk Factors of High Triglyceride Level

Plagued Artery

Following factors can raise your triglyceride level:-

Treatment of High Triglyceride Levels

  • Lose Weight. Cut down on calories to reach your ideal body weight. This includes all sources of calories, from fats, proteins, carbohydrates and alcohol.
  • Watch Diet. Reduce the saturated fat, Trans fat and cholesterol content of your diet.
  • Physical Activity. Regular exercise makes weight loss quicker and easier.
  • Reduce Refined Sugar. Eat less sugar and sugar-containing foods. Use fresh unsweetened fruit or unsweetened fruit juice and use an artificial sweetener.
  • Increase Number of Meals. Eat your meals and snacks throughout the day. Do not eat just 2 large meals a day.
  • Reduce Alcohol Intake. In some case, small amounts of alcohol can lead to large changes in plasma triglyceride levels.
  • Limit Fat. Limit fat to less than 30% of your daily calories.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Substitute fish instead of meats, Fatty fish like mackerel, lake trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna and salmon are high in omega-3 fatty acids.

Reasons for High Triglycerides

High triglyceride levels may be due to:-

Results of Triglyceride Tests

  • Normal                                  –  Less than 150 mg/dL or or less than 1.7 mmol/L
  • Borderline High -150         –  199 mg/dL or 1.8 to 2.2 mmol/L
  • High                                        –  200 – 499 mg/dL or 2.3 to 5.6 mmol/L
  • Very High                              –  500 mg/dL or above 5.7 mmol/L or above

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