Calories and other Nutrients in Banana

Bananas

 Banana is an edible fruit, botanically a berry produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. Bananas are ranked as a good source of fiber with about 3 grams fibre per medium banana. Approximately one-third of the fiber in bananas is water-soluble fiber. Edible bananas originated in the Indo-Malaysian region reaching to northern Australia. They were known only by hearsay in the Mediterranean region in the 3rd Century B.C., and are believed to have been first carried to Europe in the 10th Century A.D. Early in the 16th Century, Portuguese mariners transported the plant from the West African coast to South America. The types found in cultivation in the Pacific have been traced to eastern Indonesia from where they spread to the Marquesas and by stages to Hawaii. Bananas and plantains are today grown in every humid tropical region and constitute the 4th largest fruit crop of the world, following the grape, citrus fruits and the apple.

Nutrients in Banana

Calories and other Nutrients in Banana

Serving Size: 1 medium (7″ to 7-7/8″ long)

  • Calories 105.4
  • Total Fat 0.4 g
  • Saturated Fat 0.2 g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.1 g
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.0 g
  • Cholesterol 0.0 mg
  • Sodium 1.6 mg
  • Potassium 422.4 mg
  • Total Carbohydrate 27.0 g
  • Dietary Fiber 3.1 g
  • Sugars 14.5 g
  • Protein 1.3 g

Medicinal Uses of Banana

All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the flowers in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers; cooked flowers are given to diabetics; the astringent plant sap in cases of hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, acute dysentery and diarrhea, and it is applied on hemorrhoids, insect and other stings and bites; young leaves are placed as poultices on burns and other skin afflictions; the astringent ashes of the unripe peel and of the leaves are taken in dysentery and diarrhea and used for treating malignant ulcers; the roots are administered in digestive disorders, dysentery and other ailments; banana seed mucilage is given in cases of catarrh and diarrhea in India.

Antifungal and antibiotic principles are found in the peel and pulp of fully ripe bananas. The antibiotic acts against Mycobacteria. A fungicide in the peel and pulp of green fruits is active against a fungus disease of tomato plants. Norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are also present in the ripe peel and pulp. The first two elevate blood pressure; serotonin inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates the smooth muscle of the intestines. Alleged hallucinogenic effects of the smoke of burning banana peel have been investigated scientifically and have not been confirmed.

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