Bone Cancer Overview
Bone Cancer can occur in any part of the bone. Cancer begins when normal cells in the bone change and grows uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A bone tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body). Even though a benign tumor does not spread outside the bone, it can grow large enough to press on surrounding tissue and weaken the bone. A malignant tumor can destroy the cortex and spread to nearby tissue. If bone tumor cells get into the bloodstream, they can spread to other parts of the body, especially the lungs.
Types of Bone Cancer
There are different types of bone cancer, including:
- Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma. These are two of the most common types of bone cancer and mainly occur in children and young adults.
- Chondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma is cancer of the cartilage and is more common in adults.
- Chordoma. This is a type of bone cancer that typically starts in the lower spinal cord.
Bone Cancer Survival Rate
- Primary bone cancer accounts for less than 0.2% of all cancers.
- In adults, chondrosarcoma makes up more than 40% of primary bone cancers, followed osteosarcoma (28%), chordoma (10%), Ewing family of tumors (8%), and MFH/fibrosarcoma (4%). The remaining types of bone cancers are rare.
- In teens and children, osteosarcoma and Ewing family of tumors are more common.
- Estimated 3,020 people of all ages diagnosed bone cancer in the U.S.A
- Men And Boys -1,680
- Women And Girls – 1,340
Estimated Deaths -1,460 Deaths
- Men And Boys -830
- Women And Girls -630
The five-year survival rate of adults and children for all types of bone cancer combined is about 70%. For adults with chondrosarcoma, the five-year survival rate is about 80%.