Typhoid Diet

Typhoid Diet

Best Foods for Typhoid Fever

Since the typhoid patient is very ill and and weak, a high energy, high protein, full fluid Typhoid Diet is recommended.  In the beginning, Small meals are given at frequent intervals of 2 to 3 hours. Sufficient intake of fluids and salts should be ensured. Generally in this condition, sufferer should avoid the whole grain, rice and other solid foods because they give pressure on your digestive system. The Typhoid Diet should be one that is light and easy to digest. Keep in mind that a patient who has typhoid has a low appetite. It is vital therefore, to ensure that such a patient is given a high calorie and high protein Typhoid Diet. Guiding Principles are as follows:-

Following foods are recommended in Typhoid Diet:-

  • Fruit juices with glucose
  • Coconut water
  • Barley water
  • Porridge
  • Rava
  • Extra Light Biscuits
  • Sweetened, Soft and Mashed Boiled Rice

As the symptoms subside, semi- solid foods can be incorporated into Typhoid Diet, for instance, custards, porridge, rice with yogurt and so on. Milk, fruit juices and barley are good options as well. The emphasis in Typhoid Diet should be on raw or lightly cooked vegetables and fresh fruits. The main motive behind a typhoid Diet is to supply proper nutrition, and to balance the water and electrolyte proportion in the patient’s body. Mashed potato and other soft cooked vegetables and fruits like banana must be given. Because of the fever, water balance may be affected, so plenty of water and fluids are necessary. Small frequent feeds of juice, fruit, milk or lassi, bread and jam and light biscuits may be tried.  High protein is also required, so if there is no diarrhea, following food items may be included in Typhoid Diet:-

  • Milk(Depends on Patient Condition)
  • Custards
  • Fruit milk shake
  • Thin dhal
  • Mashed Egg
  • Soft cooked fish and chicken
  • Mashed potato
  • Soft cooked vegetables
  • Fruits like banana

 Typhoid Fever Restrictions

 Typhoid Diet Restrictions

Fat intake has to be as low as possible so that we do not put extra burden on the digestive process and help keep the fever down. Too much fat in the food during fever causes the fever to rise higher. It may also cause vomiting which we want to avoid as far as possible or there would be further lose of nutrients and more weakness. Foods to be strictly avoided are:-

  • Butter
  • Ghee
  • Vegetable oil
  • Chilies
  • Spices
  • All irritating fibers occurring in foods
  • Rich pastries
  • Fried snacks
  • Desserts
  • Thick cream soups

Nutritional Problems of Typhoid Fever Patients

  1. There is a “Loss of protein” in the body, you loose as much as 250-500 grams of muscle tissue every day
  2. Glycogen reserves are fast depleting and  fluid balance is disturbed
  3. If the gastrointestinal tract is inflamed / irritated  or diarrhea for a long time, then it will interfere with absorption of nutrients
  4. Ulceration / intestinum severely  injured due  to the prolonged illness, it can cause intestinal bleeding and even perforation.
  5. Administration of aspirin to reduce fever  may be irritate  the intestinal tract, which can aggravate the intestinal injury/infection.
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