Bleeding Gums, redness, painful or sore gums can be a symptom of gingivitis. The soreness can be accompanied by swelling of the gum tissues. Most commonly, Bleeding Gums is the result of plaque buildup on the teeth around the gum line. Without adequate removal, the plaque hardens to become tartar, which worsens Bleeding Gums (gingivitis) and can over time, lead to receding gums and even damage the bones of the jaws.
Causes of Bleeding Gums
Some of the causes of Bleeding gums can be as follows:
- The main cause of bleeding gum is the buildup of plaque at the gum line. This will lead to a condition called gingivitis, or inflamed gums.
- Plaque that is not removed will harden into tartar. This will lead to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis. ( WATCH TEETH CLEANING & TARTAR REMOVAL VIDEO)
- Other causes of bleeding gums include: ( Watch Flossing Technique Video )
- Any bleeding disorder
- Brushing too hard (WATCH HOW TO BRUSH YOUR TEETH VIDEO)
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
- Ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances
- Improper flossing
- Infection, which can be either tooth- or gum-related
- Use of blood thinners
- Vitamin K deficiency
Care for Bleeding Gums
- Visit the dentist at least once every 6 months for plaque removal. Follow your dentist’s home care instructions.
- You should brush your teeth gently with a soft-bristle toothbrush at least twice a day. It is best if you can brush after every meal.
- Rinse with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water.
- Do not use mouthwashes that contain alcohol, which can make the problem worse.
- Flossing teeth twice a day can prevent plaque from building up. It can help to follow a balanced, healthy diet.
- Try to avoid snacking between meals
- Cut down on the carbohydrates you eat.
- Other tips:
- Have periodontal exam.
- Avoid the use of tobacco, which aggravates bleeding gums. (WATCH HOW TO STOP GUM BLEEDING VIDEO)
- Control gum bleeding by applying pressure directly on the gums with a gauze pad soaked in ice water.
- If you have been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, take vitamin supplements.
- Avoid aspirin unless your health care provider has recommended that you take it.
- If side effects of a medicine are causing the irritation, ask your doctor to prescribe a different drug. Never change your medicine without first talking to your doctor.
- Use an oral irrigation device on the low setting to massage the gums.
- See your dentist if your dentures or other dental appliances do not fit well or are causing sore spots on your gums.
- Follow your dentist’s instructions on how to brush and floss so you can avoid hurting your gums