The sciatic nerve (ischiadic nerve or ischiatic nerve) is a large nerve in humans and other animals. It begins in the lower back and runs through the buttock and down the lower limb. It is the longest and widest single nerve in the human body, going from the top of the leg to the foot on the posterior aspect. The sciatic nerve supplies nearly the whole of the skin of the leg, the muscles of the back of the thigh, and those of the leg and foot. The sciatic nerve innervates the skin of the foot, as well as the entire lower leg (except for its medial side). The skin to the sole of the foot is provided by the tibial nerve, and the lower leg and upper surface of the foot via the common fibular nerve.
Sciatica – Symptoms
Pain that emits from your lower (lumbar) spine, travels to your buttock and down the back of your leg. Discomfort is felt almost anywhere along the nerve pathway, but it’s especially likely to follow a path from your low back to your buttock and the back of your thigh and calf.
- Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting.
- Burning or tingling down the leg.
- Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot.
- A constant pain on one side of the rear.
- A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up.
Sciatica – Causes.
Causes of Sciatica Pain may be Herniated/bulging disc, Spinal Stenosis, Degenerative disc disease, Spondylolisthesis, Piriformis syndrome or Spinal trauma (accident).
When the pain is severe or does not get better on its own, a more structured Sciatica Treatment approach, and possibly surgery, may offer the best approach to finding pain relief and preventing or minimizing future pain and/or dysfunction. Many natural and physical therapies, and simple lifestyle changes, can provide sciatica relief and prevent it from returning.
- Sciatica Diet. A healthy diet improves your body’s ability to heal. Use citrus fruits and juices, such as lime juice – vitamin C boosts your immune system, prevents serious illnesses, and reduces the swelling around the sciatic nerve.
- Weight. Maintaining a healthy BMI can be helpful for Controlling Sciatica Pain
- Posture. Proper posture, healthy weight, ergonomic working environments and an active lifestyle all play important roles in treating and preventing sciatic pain.
- Relaxation Techniques for Sciatica Pain. Relaxation techniques help you manage and reduce the psychological impact of chronic pain.
Sciatica Treatment – Home Remedies
Some of the Home Remedies are as follows:-
- Cold Packs. Initially, you may get relief from a cold pack placed on the painful area for up 20 minutes several times a day. Use an ice pack or a package of frozen peas wrapped in a clean towel.
- Hot Packs. After two to three days, apply heat to the areas that hurt. Use hot packs, a heat lamp or a heating pad on the lowest setting. If you continue to have pain, try alternating warm and cold packs.
- Stretching. Stretching exercises for your low back can help you feel better and may help relieve nerve root compression. Avoid jerking, bouncing or twisting during the stretch and try to hold the stretch at least 30 seconds.
Sciatica Treatment – Alternative Methods
Alternative medicines are not always but sometimes helpful, therefore these are worth trying. Some of these are as follows:-
- Acupuncture. Acupuncture is a Chinese Method of Treatment, in this treatment; the practitioner inserts hair-thin needles into your skin at specific points on your body. Some studies have suggested that acupuncture can help back pain, while others have found no benefit. If you decide to try acupuncture, choose a licensed practitioner to ensure that he or she has had extensive training.
- Chiropractic. Spinal adjustment (manipulation) is one form of therapy chiropractors use to treat restricted spinal mobility. The goal is to restore spinal movement and, as a result, improve function and decrease pain. Spinal manipulation appears to be as effective and safe as standard treatments for low back pain.
Sciatica Treatment – Herbal Medicine
Some herbs can be helpful for temporary relief from sciatica pain, some of the Herbs are as follows:-
- Turmeric or Curcumin. Turmeric’s active ingredient is a natural anti-inflammatory that can be taken as a tonic to minimize chronic inflammation. It’s best to heat turmeric in milk or ghee and coconut oil with some pepper, which contains piperine to help absorb nutrients.
- Jamaican Dogwood. It is a commonly used herb in the treatment of sciatic nerve pain and other types of nerve pain.
- It has historically been used to treat nerve pain, nervous tension, sleeplessness, anxiety and migraine headaches. Piscidia is a nerve sedative and pain reliever and this herb also helps relieves muscle spasms.
- Garlic with Mustard Oil. Relieve sciatic nerve pain using mustard oil and garlic. Chop up 3 to 4 cloves of garlic into 50 grams of mustard oil. After the garlic has turned reddish let it cool and then massage the cloves with the oil on the area affected by nerve pain.