Bad breath (halitosis or malodor) can be embarrassing and tough for you and on those around you. Bad breath is usually caused by poor oral hygiene habits, infections that occur in the mouth, unhealthy habits, such as smoking and alcohol intake, and foods that you eat. Some people worry too much about their breath, even though they have little or no mouth odor, while others have bad breath and do not know it. The underlying symptoms can be poor oral hygiene caused by the dental plaque, food debris and development of gingivitis.
Causes of Bad Breath
Halitosis can be difficult to diagnose and treat because it may stem from one or more areas of the mouth. Bad breath is caused primarily by germs and food particles that become trapped in regions of the oral cavity and emit an unpleasant odor. This undesirable scent becomes a nuisance when it is released from the mouth during conversation and other daily encounters. Causes of Bad Breath are as follows:-
- Bacteria. Poor oral care causes accumulated germs in dental plaque to emit foul gases that cause mouth odor.
- Tonsils. If your tonsils are too wide and pitted, a cheese-like smelly substance collects in these holes. These nuggets sometimes smell, and may cause bad breath.
- Foods. Certain foods emit scents that are unpleasant both alone and as the body processes them for digestion. Foods such as garlic, onions, spicy compounds and coffee affect a person’s breath and glands as they travel through the digestive system.
- Dry Mouth. Xerostomia, also known as dry mouth, results from the insufficient production of saliva, many people experience temporary dry mouth when they are nervous or dehydrated. A dentist can assess the quality and quantity of saliva to determine whether xerostomia is contributing to an individual’s bad breath
- Medical Conditions. Stomach conditions such as heartburn, acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gas can also cause bad breath. People who have post nasal drip and mouth breathe at night can also experience bad breath.
How to have Fresh Breath
- Brush Teeth More. Brush teeth twice a day and floss daily.
- Tongue Scraper. Use a tongue scraper to eliminate odor-causing bacteria on the tongue.
- Rinse your mouth with water after eating. Swirling water in your mouth helps to remove bits of food that can lead to bad breath
- Visit Dentist. Visit the dentist twice a year for cleanings and checkups.
- Mouthwash. Mouthwash adds extra protection by getting rid of bacteria. A fresh minty taste can make you feel good. But be sure the mouthwash you choose kills the germs that cause bad breath.
- Foods. Avoid foods that cause bad breadth or use breath fresheners such as sugar-free gums and mints to mask the scent of foods. Foods such as garlic, onions, spicy compounds and coffee affect a person’s breath and glands as they travel through the digestive system. Care should be taken to freshen breath until the chemical contents of these foods are completely expelled from the body.
- Fix medical conditions that cause bad breath
Home Remedies to Freshen your Breath
- Mint Leaves. Grab yourself some mint leaves and chew. This natural remedy has been used for thousands of years is especially useful for garlic or onion breath.
- Baking Soda. Mix in one tea spoon of baking soda into a cup of water. Swish some of this in your mouth, it is an instant mouth wash.
- Seeds. Seeds like clove, cardamom, and fennel have antimicrobial properties that can help freshen your breath.
- Fennel Seeds. Fennel seeds are routinely chewed upon after meals to alleviate indigestion, these are excellent mouth fresheners too. Chew on a few seeds to sweeten your breath naturally.
- Citrus. Fruits like orange, lime, etc. can help stimulate your salivary glands and encourage saliva production. Saliva neutralizes the acids produced by plaque and also helps remove dead cells and food particles that accumulate in the mouth.