The global market for skin lighteners is projected to reach US $19.8 billion by 2018 based on sales growth primarily in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Skin whitening, skin lightening, and skin bleaching refer to the practice of using methods in an attempt to lighten skin tone or provide an even skin complexion by reducing the melanin concentration in the skin.There are other options to lighten skin tone including lasers, Injections, bleaching creams, and chemical peels. You should have a consultation with a certified dermatologist to discuss which option is best for you. You have to consider though that no matter which treatment you decide to do that it will not produce a permanent result and that sun avoidance as well as the use of sunscreen is required. There’s no magic potion that will lighten your skin more than a shade or two, so keep your expectations realistic. Several chemicals have been shown to be effective in skin whitening, while some have proven to be toxic or have questionable safety profiles, adding to the controversy surrounding their use and impacts. Skin whitening techniques are as follows:-
- Tretinoin. Research has shown that the use of tretinoin (also known as all-trans retinoic acid) can only be somewhat in treating skin discolorations. Users of tretinoin have to avoid sunlight, as the skin can tan. Using tretinoin always makes the skin more sensitive to UVA and UVB rays.
- Hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is a strong inhibitor of melanin production, meaning that it prevents dark skin from making the substance responsible for skin color. Hydroquinone does not bleach the skin but lightens it, and can only disrupt the synthesis and production of melanin hyperpigmentation. Topical application of hydroquinone produces a reversible depigmentation of the skin by inhibition of the enzymatic oxidation of tyrosine to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) and suppression of other melanocyte metabolic processes. Exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet light will cause repigmentation of the bleached areas, which may be prevented by the use of sunblocking agents or sunscreen agents. It has been banned in some countries (e.g. France) because of fears of a cancer risk.
- Combination of Treatments. Many treatments use a combination of topical lotions or gels containing melanin-inhibiting ingredients along with a sunscreen, and a prescription retinoid. Depending on how the skin responds to these treatments
- Exfoliate your Skin. To brighten your skin, it’s important to exfoliate regularly. One excellent way to exfoliate the skin is to use a body scrub composed of sugar or salt. In the bath or shower, wet your skin and rub the scrub in a gentle circular motion over your entire body. In this way you can “polish” your skin until it has a healthy gleam.
- Laser Skin Whitening. Laser technology is also used in the skin rejuvenation,whitening and it is getting very common among the people. Laser Skin treatment is not much expensive and this method is very effective. It is a procedure which shows clear results as the Laser treatments also helps to remove the moles and wrinkles. The Laser beam is applied to the skin which makes the skin’s color light and therefore after a two sessions of the Laser Skin whitening treatment one can observe a clear change in his complexion. The best thing about this treatment is that it is painless.
- Skin Whitening Injections. Injection contains Glutathione, a powerful antioxidants made from glycine, glutamic acid and cysteine. It has natural amino acids that are beneficial for a body. When doctor injects Glutathione, it starts removing the toxin from the body. If toxin isn’t removed from the body then it leads to serious skin problems such as hyperpigmentation and Melasma. Vitamin C is another powerful antioxidant that speeds up skin metabolism and collagen production. When skin loses its collagen and elasticity then you see wrinkles, fine lines, sagging skin, etc. Vitamin C helps in tightening the skin and offers you a flawless and younger-looking skin. Pain, bleeding, bruising, infection, scar, and ineffective treatment. Excessive sun exposure will minimize the effects of treatment.
The safe pigment reducers are vitamins like vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin B3 (niacin). Other herbs like emblica and licorice, and fruit acids like glycolic acid, also work. Once you remove the natural protection that melanin provides, don’t forget to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen – every day of the year.