How to Treat Bleeding Gums

Bleeding Gums
Bleeding Gums

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease from least to most severe are as follows:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced Periodontitis.

The best bleeding gums treatment is to remove from your teeth the plaque bacteria that causes gum disease. When dental plaque builds up, it turns into tartar, a hard, sticky substance that adheres to your teeth. Without regular teeth cleanings, dental tartar can become a breeding ground for even more plaque, which can creep below the gum line and lead to an infection that causes bleeding gums. Floss, then brush your teeth and tongue and rinse afterward: (1) when you first wake up, (2) when you first return home from school or work (don’t come out of the bathroom until you do) and (3) before bed. The objective is to disturb the colonization of plaque bacteria and not let it sit undisturbed for too long. If you do this calculus (tartar) will never be able to attach to your teeth.

Seeking bleeding gums treatment at the first sign of a problem can help reverse gingivitis and help prevent periodontal disease. Other treatment options, such as scaling and root planing procedures, slow down the process of gum disease. If you suffer from an advanced form of periodontal disease, your dentist may recommend ongoing bleeding gums treatment or periodontal therapy. In some cases, dental surgery may be needed to control the bleeding. 

  • Use a soft toothbrush and brush properly! Brush your teeth for at least two minutes twice a day and after meals. Hard brushing can further damage the soft tissues of your mouth.
  • Floss at least once a day and be sure to floss beyond the gum line to remove more plaque.
  • Control bleeding by applying pressure to the area with a cold compress.
  • Rinse with salt water or hydrogen peroxide to keep the area clean. Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol, which can dry out your mouth.
  • Stay away from smoking and other tobacco products, which can aggravate bleeding gums.
  • Eat a balanced diet and limit snacking between meals. Carbohydrates and sugars feed dental plaque.
  • Try an oral irrigation device, commonly known as a “water pick,” to clear debris from around the gum line.
  • Have your dentures aligned as needed.

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