What is Trans Fat?
Trans-Fat is also known as trans fatty acid, It is made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils. Hydrogenation solidifies liquid oils and increases the shelf life and add flavor stability of oils and foods that contain it. Trans fats, or trans fatty acids, are a form of unsaturated fat. Food makers use trans fats to enhance taste and texture and make foods last longer. Unfortunately, that’s not all trans fats do. They also increase your risk for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
Dairy Fat Vs Hydrogenated Fats
These Trans Fats typically make up 2-5% of the fat in dairy products and 3-9% of the fat in beef and lamb. Several review studies have concluded that a moderate intake of ruminant trans fats does not appear to be harmful.
It is found in relatively large amounts in dairy fat from grass-fed cows, which is extremely healthy and linked to a reduced risk of heart disease. The same positive things cannot be said about artificial trans fats, otherwise known as industrial trans fats or hydrogenated fats. These fats are created by pumping hydrogen molecules into vegetable oils. This changes the chemical structure of the oil, turning it from a liquid into a solid.
Health Effects of Trans-Fat on Us
- Replacing other fats in the diet with trans fats significantly increases the total HDL Cholesterol ratio and negatively affects lipoproteins (ApoB/ApoA1 ratio), both important risk factors for heart disease.
- A study on monkeys which found that a high trans fat diet (8% of calories) caused insulin resistance, abdominal obesity (belly fat) and elevated fructosamine, a marker of high blood sugar
- In a study, when saturated fats were replaced with trans fats in a 4 week study, HDL( Good Cholesterol) was lowered by 21% and the ability of arteries to dilate was impaired by 29% .
Foods Containing High Transfat
Your body actually needs healthy fats to function properly. Healthy fats protect your organs, keep your body warm, support cell growth, and help your body absorb nutrients. According to the American Heart Association, less than 1 percent of your total daily food intake should come from trans fats. You might as well trash any and all foods with the harmful ingredient since it doesn’t have any known nutritional value. However, if you’re consuming even a small amount of trans fats in your food, you run a high risk of harming your health. Following foods contain high Trans-Fat:-
- Cakes, pies and cookies (especially with frosting)
- Ready to Eat Sandwiches and Burgers
- Microwave Popcorn
- Cream-Filled Candies
- Fast Foods including:-
Food fried in Hydrogenated Trans-Fat