VertigoWhat is Vertigo

Vertigo is a sense of rotation, rocking, or spinning, experienced even when someone is perfectly still. Vertigo is a feeling that you are dizzily turning around or that your surroundings are dizzily turning about you. Vertigo is medically distinct from dizziness, lightheadedness, and unsteadiness in that vertigo involves the sensation of movement. When vertigo occurs spontaneously or as a result of an injury it tends to last for many hours or even days before resolving. Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo can be a bothersome problem, it’s rarely serious except when it increases the chance of falls.

Causes of Vertigo

Often cause of vertigo cannot be determined, when a cause can be determined, Vertigo is often associated with a minor to severe blow to your head. Less common causes of vertigo include disorders that damage your inner ear or, rarely, damage that occurs during ear surgery or during prolonged positioning on your back, such as in a dentist chair. Verigo also has been associated with migraines. Inner ear problems, which affect balance, are the most common causes:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). Where specific head movements cause vertigo
  • Labyrinthitis. An inner ear infection caused by a cold or flu virus
  • Vestibular Neuronitis. Inflammation of the vestibular nerve
  • Ménière’s Disease. A rare inner ear condition, which sometimes involves ringing in the ear (tinnitus) or loss of hearing

Symptoms of Vertigo

The symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) may include:

  • Dizziness
  • A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo)
  • A loss of balance or unsteadiness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Treatment of Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo may go away on its own within a few weeks or months. But, to help relieve BPPV sooner, your doctor, audiologist or physical therapist may treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure. Antihistamines can sometimes help with vertigo symptoms.

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