Full Body Transplant or Head Transplant

    A human head transplant will be a new frontier in science. Some people say it is the last frontier in medicine. It is a very sensitive and very controversial subject but if we can translate it to clinical practice, we can save a lot of lives.’

   In 1970, Robert White led a team at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, US, that tried to transplant the head of one monkey on to the body of another. The surgeons stopped short of a full spinal cord transfer, so the monkey could not move its body. last year researchers at Harbin Medical University in China made some headway with mice. They hope to perfect a procedure they claim “will become a milestone of medical history and potentially could save millions of people”. Continue reading “Full Body Transplant or Head Transplant”

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Eczema – Skin Disease

What is Eczema?

Eczema  – Skin Disease

Eczema is a chronic Skin Disease it is a term used for several different types of skin swelling. Eczema skin disease is also called dermatitis. It is not dangerous, but most types cause red, swollen and itchy skin. Factors that can cause eczema include other diseases, irritating substances, allergies and your genetic makeup. Eczema is not contagious.

Types of Eczema Skin Disease

There are many different types of eczema.

  1. Allergic Contact Eczema (Dermatitis) – A reaction where the skin has come into contact with a substance that the immune system recognizes as foreign
  2. Contact Eczema – A localized reaction where the skin has come into contact with an allergen
  3. Dyshidriotic Eczema – Irritation of skin on palms of hands and soles of feet, characterized by blisters
  4. Neurodermatitis – Scaly patches of skin on head, forearms, wrists, lower legs caused by localized itch such as an insect bite
  5. Nummular eczema – Circular patches of irritated skin that can be crusted, scaling and itchy
  6. Seborrheic Eczema – Oily, scaly yellowish patches of skin, usually on scalp and face
  7. Stasis Dermatitis – skin irritation on lower legs, usually related to circulatory problems.
  8. Atopic Dermatitis – It is a chronic skin condition that commonly starts during infancy and continues through into childhood. Some people outgrow the condition while some people will continue to have it into adulthood.

The most common type of eczema is Atopic Dermatitis. It is an allergic condition that makes your skin dry and itchy. It is most common in babies and children. Continue reading “Eczema – Skin Disease”

Sciatica Treatment – Alternative Methods

Sciatica Nerve

Sciatica Treatment

The sciatic nerve (ischiadic nerve or ischiatic nerve) is a large nerve in humans and other animals. It begins in the lower back and runs through the buttock and down the lower limb. It is the longest and widest single nerve in the human body, going from the top of the leg to the foot on the posterior aspect. The sciatic nerve supplies nearly the whole of the skin of the leg, the muscles of the back of the thigh, and those of the leg and foot. The sciatic nerve innervates the skin of the foot, as well as the entire lower leg (except for its medial side). The skin to the sole of the foot is provided by the tibial nerve, and the lower leg and upper surface of the foot via the common fibular nerve.

Sciatica – Symptoms

Pain that emits from your lower (lumbar) spine, travels to your buttock and down the back of your leg. Discomfort is felt almost anywhere along the nerve pathway, but it’s especially likely to follow a path from your low back to your buttock and the back of your thigh and calf.

  1. Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting.
  2. Burning or tingling down the leg.
  3. Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot.
  4. A constant pain on one side of the rear.
  5. A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up.

Continue reading “Sciatica Treatment – Alternative Methods”

St John’s Wort – Genus Hypericum

St. John’s Wort

St John’s wort is a shrub-like perennial herb with bright yellow flowers that is native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. Common St John’s wort is a flowering plant species of the genus Hypericum. It is a medicinal herb with antidepressant properties and potential antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it has been applied to the skin to help heal wounds and burns. St John’s wort may help treat mild-to-moderate depression, and has fewer side effects than most other prescription antidepressants. But it interacts with a number of medications, so it should be taken only under the guidance of a health care provider. ( Watch “The safe and proper use of St Johns Wort” Video)

How St John’s Wort Works

A chemical in St John’s Wort called hypericin was considered  responsible for its effects against depression. More recent information suggests another chemical, hyperforin, may play a larger role in depression. Hypericin and hyperforin act on chemical messengers in the nervous system that regulate mood. Continue reading “St John’s Wort – Genus Hypericum”

Skin Cancer – Melanoma

 Melanoma Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer Signs

Melanoma is less common, but more serious than other types of skin cancer. Melanomas are usually brown or black, but can appear pink, tan, or even white. Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes. Because most melanoma cells still make melanin, melanoma tumors are usually brown or black. But some melanomas do not make melanin and can appear pink, tan, or even white. Caught early, most melanomas can be cured with relatively minor surgery. Most melanomas occur on the skin where they can be seen, patients themselves are often the first to detect many melanomas.

Location of Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanomas can occur anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start in certain locations. The trunk (chest and back) is the most common site in men. The legs are the most common site in women. The neck and face are other common sites. Having darkly pigmented skin lowers your risk of melanoma at these more common sites, but anyone can develop this cancer on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and under the nails. Melanomas can also form in other parts of your body such as the eyes, mouth, genitals and anal area, but these are much less common than melanoma of the skin. Continue reading “Skin Cancer – Melanoma”

Lung Cancer – Disease and Treatment

Lungs

Lung Cancer arises when a series of mutations in normal lung cells cause them to become abnormal and grow out of control. These changes can take place anywhere from the bronchus (the windpipe), down to the small air sacs in the periphery of the lungs where oxygenation takes place. Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lung. Bronchus cancer is cancer in the tissue making up the respiratory system.

Types of Lung Cancer

There are two main types of lung cancer

  1. Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common accounting for almost 80% of cancers.
  2. Small cell lung carcinoma. Small cell cancer, at 20% is a rapidly growing, rapidly spreading tumor caused primarily by smoking.

Stages of Lung Cancer

Stages range from zero (carcinoma in situ) to four (cancer has spread to another organ). Stages one through three indicates the extent of the disease, how big the tumor is, and/or how cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Continue reading “Lung Cancer – Disease and Treatment”

Leukemia – Blood and Bone Marrow Cancer

Leukemia Symptoms

Leukemia Overview

Leukemia is cancer of the blood and bone marrow (the soft material in the center of most bones). Cancer starts in blood-forming tissue, such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells; these produced cells and enter the bloodstream. In a person with disease, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells that are called leukemia cells and leukemic blast cells. The abnormal cells can’t produce normal white blood cells. Leukemia cells divide to produce copies of themselves. The copies divide again and again, producing more and more leukemia cells. Unlike normal blood cells, leukemia cells don’t die when they become old or damaged. Because they don’t die, leukemia cells can build up and crowd out normal blood cells. The low level of normal blood cells can make it harder for the body to get oxygen to the tissues, control bleeding, or fight infections.

Types of Leukemia

Leukemia’s are divided into two major types:-

  • Acute (which progresses quickly)
  • Chronic (which progresses more slowly)

Four most common types of it are as follows:- Continue reading “Leukemia – Blood and Bone Marrow Cancer”

Kidney Cancer and Renal Pelvis Cancer

Kidney Anatomy

What are Kidneys?

Kidneys are a pair of organs in your abdomen. Each kidney is about the size of a fist. Kidneys are part of the urinary tract. They make urine by removing wastes and extra water from your blood. Urine collects in a hollow space (renal pelvis) in the middle of each kidney. Urine passes from your renal pelvis into your bladder through a long tube called a ureter. Urine leaves your bladder through a shorter tube (the urethra).

Kidney Cancer Overview

This cancer forms in tissues of the kidneys. Kidney cancer includes renal cell carcinoma (cancer that forms in the lining of very small tubes in the kidney that filter the blood and remove waste products) and renal pelvis carcinoma (cancer that forms in the center of the kidney where urine collects). It also includes Wilms tumor, which is a type of kidney cancer that usually develops in children under the age of 5. Kidney cancer cells can spread by breaking away from the kidney tumor. They can travel through lymph vessels to nearby lymph nodes. They can also spread through blood vessels to the lungs, bones, or liver. After spreading, kidney cancer cells may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumors that may damage those tissues. Continue reading “Kidney Cancer and Renal Pelvis Cancer”

Endometrial Cancer or Uterine Cancer

Endometrial Uterine Cancer

 Endometrial Cancer Stages

Cancer that forms in the tissue lining the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis in which a fetus develops). Most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).

Endometrial Cancer Symptoms

  1. Unusual vaginal bleeding, spotting, or other discharge. About 90% of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer have abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as a change in their periods or bleeding between periods or after menopause. This symptom can also occur with some non-cancerous conditions, but it is important to have a doctor look into any irregular bleeding right away. If you have gone through menopause, it is especially important to report any vaginal bleeding, spotting, or abnormal discharge to your doctor.
  2. Non-bloody vaginal discharge may also be a sign of endometrial cancer. Even if you cannot see blood in the discharge, it does not mean there is no cancer. In about 10% of cases, the discharge associated with endometrial cancer is not bloody. Any abnormal discharge should be checked out by your doctor.
  3. Pelvic pain and/or mass and weight loss. Pain in the pelvis, feeling a mass (tumor), and losing weight without trying can also be symptoms of endometrial cancer. These symptoms are more common in later stages of the disease. Still, any delay in seeking medical help may allow the disease to progress even further. This lowers the odds for successful treatment.

Although any of these can be caused by things other than cancer, it is important to have them checked out by a doctor. Continue reading “Endometrial Cancer or Uterine Cancer”

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