How to Avoid Cancer

Cancer Update from Johns Hopkins:

1. Every person has cancer cells in the body. These cancer cells do not show up in the standard tests until they have multiplied to a few billion. When doctors tell cancer patients that there are no more cancer cells in their bodies after treatment, it just means the tests are unable to detect the cancer cells because they have not reached the detectable size.

2. Cancer cells occur between 6 to more than 10 times in a person’s lifetime.

3. When the person’s immune system is strong the cancer cells will be destroyed and prevented from multiplying and forming tumors.

4. When a person has cancer it indicates the person has nutritional deficiencies. These could be due to genetic, but also to environmental, food and lifestyle factors.

5. To overcome the multiple nutritional deficiencies, changing diet to eat more adequately and healthy, 4-5 times/day and by including supplements will strengthen the immune system.  Continue reading “How to Avoid Cancer”

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Gallic Acid helpful in Diabetes and certain Cancers – Health News

Gall Nuts
Gall Nuts

Foods having Gallic Acid

Foods and herbs such as blueberries, walnuts, grapes, apples, flax seed and black/green tea contain Gallic acid. Gallic acid is also found in gall nuts, sumac, witch hazel, watercress, oak bark, and a variety of other plants and herbs. The form and dosage depend on the age of the patient and condition being treated. Gallic acid supplements are generally safe to use, although they may interfere with certain blood pressure medications. It is important to consult a doctor before using them to avoid possible adverse reaction and drug interaction.

Uses of Gallic Acid Continue reading “Gallic Acid helpful in Diabetes and certain Cancers – Health News”

Blood Infection or Sepsis

Overview of Blood Infection (Sepsis)

Blood Infections
Blood Infections

Sepsis refers to a bacterial infection in the bloodstream or body tissues. Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a severe medical condition and can be a deadly infection. Septicemia is an interrelated medical term referring to the presence of pathogenic organisms in the bloodstream, leading to sepsis. Sepsis is caused by the immune system‘s response to a serious infection, most commonly bacteria, but also fungi, viruses, and parasites in the blood, urinary tract, lungs, skin, or other tissues. Chemicals released into the blood to battle infection trigger widespread inflammation. Inflammation may result in organ damage. Often, Sepsis progresses to Septic Shock, blood pressure drop dramatically that may lead to death.

Causes of Blood Infection (Sepsis)

The most common primary sources of infection resulting in Blood infection or Sepsis are the lungs, the abdomen and the urinary tract. The infectious agents are usually bacteria but can also be fungi and viruses. Infections in the lungs (pneumonia), bladder and kidneys (urinary tract infections), skin (cellulitis), abdomen (such as appendicitis), and other areas (such as meningitis) can spread and lead to sepsis. Continue reading “Blood Infection or Sepsis”

Statin Drugs – Reduce Cholestrol with a risk of Side Effects

Overview of Statin Drugs

Cholesterol Reduction
Cholesterol Production

 Statins are drugs that can lower your Cholesterol. Statins work by blocking a substance your body needs to make Cholesterol. Statins hamper with the production of cholesterol in your liver. Statins block the enzyme in the liver that is responsible for making Cholesterol. This enzyme is called hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme. Statins are referred to as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, scientifically. Statins lower Bad Cholesterol Levels, raise Good Cholesterol Levels, and can slow down the formation of plaques in your arteries. Statins lower the chances of a heart attack and death in a group who have an elevated risk of developing Heart Disease or who already have Heart Disease. Continue reading “Statin Drugs – Reduce Cholestrol with a risk of Side Effects”

Best Foods for Prostate Health

Good Foods for Prostate Health

Prostrate Health Diet
  • Vegetables from the cruciferous family (broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower) contain isothiocyanates, which are phytochemicals that appear to be protective.
  • Omega-3 fats seem to reduce the risk of prostate cancer, Use Fish and vegetable oils high in Omega-3 Fats
  • Margarine, vegetable oils, nuts and seeds, wheat germ and whole grains are  a good sources. Vitamin E is recognized to reduce prostate inflammation
  • Whole grains present fibre, selenium, vitamin E and phytochemicals, all of which play a role in the prevention of cancer.
  • Foods such as tomatoes, tomato products, red grapefruits and watermelons appear to reduce the risk of Prostate Cancer. Tomato-based pasta sauces and soups may be especially beneficial. Lycopene is fat soluble so is better absorbed when eaten with a little fat.
  • Antioxidant is found in nuts especially Brazil nuts, seafood, fish, wheat bran, wheat germ, oats and brown rice.
  • Selenium is another mineral that may offer protection.
  • Soy products can help prevent prostate enlargement and may slow tumour growth.
  •  Red meat is high in saturated animal fats and has been linked to an increased incidence of prostate problems. Avoid Red Meat.
  • Obesity has also been linked to prostate troubles and cutting back on red meat can help you lose weight.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to flush the bladder. Caffeine, beer and spices should be reduced to a minimum.

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Liver Cancer

The Liver

Liver

The liver located under your right ribs underneath the right lung. The liver is figured like a pyramid and is partitioned into right and left lobes. The liver gets its supply of blood from two vessels. Most of its blood comes from the Hepatic Portal Vein and the rest comes from the Hepatic Artery. The hepatic artery supplies the liver with blood that is rich in oxygen and the portal vein carries nutrient-rich blood from the intestines to the liver.

Functions of Liver

It has many essential works:-

  • It removes harmful substances from the blood.
  • It makes enzymes and bile that help digest food.
  • It also converts food into substances needed for life and growth.

Overview of Liver Cancer

Cancer set in motions in cells, the building blocks that build up tissues. Tissues make up the organs of the body. Normal cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When normal cells grow old or are damaged, they die, and new cells take their place. Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them, and old or damaged cells do not die, as they should. The buildup of extra cells often forms a mass of tissue called a growth, nodule, or Tumor.

Liver Cancer
  • Benign Tumors.  Benign Tumorscan occasionally grow bulky enough to cause problems. However, they do not go into nearby tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. If they need to be treated, they can usually be cured by removing them with surgery.
  • Malignant growths.  These tumors may be a threat to life and sometimes can be removed but can grow back again. Malignant Tumors can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs (such as the stomach or intestine). Malignant Tumors can spread to other parts of the body.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This is the major and most common type of Liver Cancer. Liver Cancers set in motion in hepatocytes (liver cells). This type of cancer is called Hepatocellular Carcinoma or Malignant Hepatoma. Liver Cancer Cells can spread by breaking away from the original Tumor. About 80% to 90% of primary liver cancers are Hepatoma.

Bile duct cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)

Bile Duct Cancers account for 10-15 percent of Liver Cancer. These cancers start in the small tubes (called bile ducts) that carry bile to the gallbladder. They are often treated the same way as HCC.

Cancers that begin in blood vessels in the liver (Angiosarcomas and Hemangiosarcomas)

Rare cancers that begin in the cells lining the blood vessels of the liver, these tumors grow quickly. Frequently, when they are found they are too widespread to be removed. Treatment may help slow the disease, but these cancers are usually very hard to treat.

Hepatoblastoma

A very rare type of Liver Cancer that is usually found in children younger than 4 years. About 2 out of 3 children with these tumors have good outcomes with surgery and chemotherapy.

Metastatic Liver Cancer

Blood from all parts of the body passes through the liver for filtration, cancer cells from other organs and tissues can effortlessly reach the liver, where they can lodge and grow into Secondary Tumors. Primary cancers in the colon, stomach, pancreas, rectum, esophagus, breast, lung, or skin are the most likely to spread to the liver. It is common for the Metastatic Cancer in the liver to be the first noticeable sign of a cancer that started in another organ.

Continue reading “Liver Cancer”

Abdominal Pain or Stomach Pain

Abdomin

Abdomen extends from below your chest to your groin. Abdomen contains many other important organs, pain in the abdomen can come from any one of them. Severe pain does not always mean a serious problem, nor does mild pain mean a problem is not serious. Abdominal Pain in most of the patients can be diagnosed and treated successfully.

Causes of Abdominal Pain

  1. 1 Non-Abdominal Causes
  1. 2 Abdominal or chest wall pain
  • Shingles
  • Inflammation Of The Rib Cartilages
  • Injury
  • Nerve Irritation
  • Hernias
  • Scars

    Abdomen
    Abdomen
  1. 3 Inflammatory conditions of the upper abdomen
  • Duodenal Ulcer or Gastric Ulcer
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Gastritis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Cholecystitis
  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Hepatitis
  • Colitis
  1. 4 Functional problems of the abdomen

Continue reading “Abdominal Pain or Stomach Pain”

Red Stool, Blood in Stool or Bloody Stool

Digestive System

Red Stool or Blood with Stool can technically be referred to as Hematochezia. Blood with  stool can be bright red or dark, black, and/or “tarry” appearing and it requires your doctor’s attention. Blood with Stool can be a indicator of the disease, so you should make it a main concern and shall schedule an appointment with a doctor.

Causes of Red Stool or Blood with Stool

Bleeding in the stool means bleeding somewhere in the large intestine. The color of the blood can be an indication of where the bleeding is occurring. If the blood is bright red and “fresh” looking, the bleeding is likely occurring toward the end of the colon or in the rectum. If bleeding is occurring higher up in the colon, the blood will be dark brownish to black, referred to as tarry stools. Most of the reasons of such rectal bleeding are not life-threatening; frequent reasons include

There are many other causes of rectal bleeding, including

  • Colon Cancer
  • Colon Polyps
  • Colitis
  • Crohns Disease
  • Diverticulosis
  • Angiodysplasia. A condition in which fragile, abnormal blood vessels lead to bleeding.

    Algorithm for the management of lower GI bleeding.
    Management of Bleeding in Stool
  • Peptic ulcers. An open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum – the upper end of the small intestine.  Many peptic ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).
  • Gastroenteritis. A viral or bacterial infection of the stomach and bowel. It can cause diarrhea that contains traces of blood and mucous, as well as other symptoms such as vomiting and stomach cramps.
  • Esophageal problems. Varicose veins (varices) of the oesophagus or tears in the esophagus can lead to severe blood loss.

Bleeding occurring from a higher place in the digestive tract, such as the stomach, can produce black, tarry bowel movements, because stomach acid turns blood black. Passing blood from the rectum that is dark red or includes clots usually indicates bleeding from higher in the colon than anal fissures or hemorrhoids would produce.

Diagnosis of Red Stool or Blood with  Stool

Helicobacter pylori bacteria
Helicobacter pylori bacteria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Color suggests a huge suspicion as to what might be wrong; it does not necessarily give the whole picture as there are things not related to illness that can affect the color of stool.

  • Black stool usually means that the blood is coming from the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine.
  • Maroon-colored stools or bright red blood usually suggests that the blood is coming from the lower part of the GI tract (large bowel, rectum, or anus).
  • Shiny black- or plum-colored stool is often not recognized by the patient as blood (melaena). This indicates bleeding from higher up the GI tract – these patients need admission for investigation

The majority of the doctors will take a thorough history and do a physical examination, which may include a rectal exam. Following may also be considered:-

  • Anoscopy. Anoscopy allows to inspect the anus and lower rectum. It can be done in the office and does not require sedation.
  • Sigmoidoscopy.  During a sigmoidoscopy, the rectum and most of the lower large intestine can be examined. Sigmoidoscopy can be done without sedation.
  • Colonoscopy.  A colonoscopy is a procedure in which a physician examines the entire colon, usually while the patient is sedated.

Treatment of Red Stool or Blood with Stool

Treatment will depend on diagnosis. The doctor will initially recommend soft and light food and give medication to control constipation so that blood is not lost due to hard and difficult stool.

Spots on the Lungs(Pulmonary Nodules) – Serious if spots are growing

Spots on the Lungs as revealed by a chest x-ray are usually indicators of some type of lung disease.

Pulmonary Nodules(Spots on the Lungs)

A Pulmonary Nodule is another name for a Spot on the Lung. If the nodule is less than 3 centimeters in diameter, it is called a Spot. If larger than 3 centimeters, it is referred to as a Mass. Pulmonary Nodules are round or oval in shape. Pulmonary Nodules or spots on the lung do not cause pain to the individual. They are easy to see when a health care provider takes an X-ray. They are not so easy for the health care provider to diagnose. Scarring or inflammation of the tissue makes it hard for the lungs to expand during breathing, and patients complain of not being able to get a good breath or feeling short of breath.
Types of Spots on the Lungs
Spots on the lung or Pulmonary Nodules are either benign or cancerous. If a nodule is benign, one does not need to do anything about it. It may have formed due to an infection in the lungs, which has cleared up. Just as a scab forms on a skin wound, a Pulmonary Nodule or spot forms on a lung wound. Your health care provider needs to treat cancerous spots as soon as possible for the best possible outcome.

Effects of Spots on the Lungs
Benign Pulmonary Nodules or Spots cause no effect to the person as long as they do not change in size or color. When one has a spot on his lung, he should monitor this spot by getting regular X-rays to determine if the spot has not changed. If the spot does not change, one does not need to take further action. If the spot is cancerous, your health care provider will prescribe a course of treatment, which the patient needs to follow.

Causes of Spots on the Lungs

  • Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a contagious disease of the lung tissue and causes symptoms of weakness, fatigue, weight loss, coughing and hemoptysis, or the coughing up of blood. Tuberculosis is spread when a person coughs or sneezes and another person inhales the infected respiratory droplets. Tuberculosis on a chest x-ray is described as a cavitating lesion because the Tuberculosis Pathogen eats a cavity into the lung tissue.
  • Lung Abscess. The spot of a lung abscess on a Chest X-Ray is a pus-filled cavity within the lung. A lung abscess occurs when infected oral secretions are aspirated into the lungs. Patients with poor oral hygiene or gingivitis will have germs in their secretions that if aspirated, infect the lung. Symptoms of a Lung Abscess includes fever, cough, night sweats and weight loss. Sputum may be purulent or blood-streaked and smell foul. Treatment consists of Intravenous Antibiotics.

    Bronchi, bronchial tree, and lungs.
    Bronchi, bronchial tree, and lungs. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
  • Lung Cancer. Lung Cancer can appear on a chest x-ray as a spot or nodule in the lungs. Smokers have the greatest risk of lung cancer. Other risk factors include exposure to second-hand smoke, family history and time spent in environments with radon gas or asbestosis. Symptoms of Lung Cancer include shortness of breath, coughing up blood, chest pain, hoarseness and weight loss. Treatment for Lung Cancer can consist of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.

Word of Caution for Spots on the Lungs

A simple Chest X-Ray easily detects a Spot on the Lung. Early detection of a spot or pulmonary nodule on the lung may lead to early detection of cancer. At this stage, there are no symptoms of cancer or any other warning signs. Obtaining a chest X-ray is the only way to know if a spot exists and is the first step in treatment for a cancerous pulmonary nodule. Many people do not get a Chest X-Ray as part of an annual checkup, but if one smokes or has other risk factors for cancer, one should consider getting a yearly Chest X-Ray.
 

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